Origin
  • Where?
.................- Published
.................- Written
.................- Writer was from
  • How/what?
.................- Was it recorded
.................- Type of recording
  • Who? (background)
.................- Published it
.................- Created it
.................- Recorded it
  • When?
.................- Was it recorded
.................- Was it created
.................- Was it published

Purpose
  • Why?
.................- Was it produced?
.................- Was it recorded?
.................- Was it published?


Checklist
  • Was it spur of the moment?
  • Is it a contemporary source? Or hearsay?
  • Was the person who recorded this neutral or biased?
  • Was it to inform or persuade?
  • Was there financial gain?
  • Who was the intended audience? Was it meant to be public or private?
  • Hindsight? More objective?
  • Archives

IB Exam Example

  • With reference to its Origin and Purpose assess this sources values and limitations for historian studying Europe in the late 19th – 20th century
  • Assess: estimate the value of; to examine quickly and estimate merit





You can’t have enough information. But don’t overanalyze it.

Origin: what when where (esp where the “author” was born)
Purpose: why. Inform or Persuade. All art, poem, etc. is open to interpretation
- Use these words in history IB: Could, may, perhaps (purpose could be this or that). Why you think this.
- The grader is looking to give points for accurate answers meaning. For document based answers, not for essays. Not getting points for wrong, you get points for accurate answers.
Value
- Because of, origin, because of purpose
Limitation
- If for value said “who” now for limitation you can say ‘when”.
- If written a bit later it has LESS EMOTION, more objective

Primary source
- Good because experienced it, firsthand
- Bad: no hindsight, no access to archives, emotions
Primary and secondary sources can be written as both good and bad.

Need THEREFORE…. (explain/conclude the fact)


Value and limitation according to origin and purpose
Take the extra step and give full complete answers